How much nuflor for goats
Feed the lambs
Feed through the gutter, let the milk machine or udder suckle - that is the question!
Let mothers suckle lambs
H.-P. Dill: We have tried so many things, including milk substitutes.
But feeding with the milk machine is very time-consuming, one person is busy all day waiting for this thing. It has to be frost-free, everything has to be warm enough. If you don't clean it up regularly, you have huge problems: chronic mild diarrhea, they don't gain weight - they really look a lot worse than when they drink directly at their mother's place!
The hygiene problem: milk machine smeared with diarrhea
Then we tried feeding the milk in a gutter - it works, but the milk has to be milked beforehand. I also believe that contact with the mother is part of growing up in a manner appropriate to the species. Sucking is a basic need of a mammal.
That's why we do it like this: After the birth, mother and her kids are together in the bay for three days, then they join the herd and spend four weeks together. Every day the mother goat goes out on the heath and the lambs stay behind. At first they want to go with you, but a threshold prevents that and after a few days they have learned that they have to stay behind. Before the goats come back to the barn to feed, we drive the little ones into the lamb hatch so that the mothers can eat in peace and the fawns do not run on the feeding table.
Photo: Lämmerhütte with hatch to mothers
In their lambs hut, the little ones have undisturbed access to hay and oats ad libitum. We put curly oats in concentrate dispensers for piglets; However, you have to use a cross bar to prevent them from flocking with their hooves in the trough. If the concentrate is available, do not overeat, which is otherwise a deadly danger!
Neither - the middle ground is brutal
Katrin Steingräber: The lambs stay with their mother for 7-10 days, then they come in groups of 20 to the lamb shed, where they are raised with cow's milk. The milk comes with the milk taxi to the lamb shed, where we set the number of degrees, and it is fed in buckets with teats. An attempt with a gutter failed. In the near future we will try to separate the lambs earlier, maybe it will be easier then.
In this Demeter business, the look has to be right: the customers want to see the lambs with their mothers. I'm sorry to separate them after 10 days. The lambs got cozidia, clostridia, lip rind and now weigh less than 35 kg in November and cannot be occupied.
The bucket on the left has teats that anatomically only fit human children. The teats on the bucket on the right fit lambs. It consists of two halves that can be hung over a partition.
Raise lambs separately from mothers
Gerald Brunner: Leaving the kid with the mother and then separating them after a few days, that's really brutal! The goat then screams for its lamb for almost a week. On the other hand, there is hardly any reaction if I take it away immediately. The colostrum is milked and given in a kettle with a teat. Then the kids are reared with the milk vending machine.
Gerald Brunner has had very good experiences with his milk vending machine: The kids become more beautiful and eat more moderately, i.e. they are not bloated twice a day, but can drink in small portions whenever they want. The milk machine always mixes fresh, only 0.2 liters at a time, and should something remain in it, it is warmed up. However, Gerald Brunner cleans the machine twice a day. The device is rented.
Milk vending machine for lambs at Gerhard Brunner
Peter Baumann: I immediately separate newborns from their mothers, and we even milk the colostrum. The newborns drink it from the bowl, they quickly understand that. Those who have already sucked on their mother find it difficult to look up with their heads. You hold out the bowl to them, and as soon as the tongue tastes the colostrum, they start to drink. However, this must be learned completely non-violently. You can use your little finger to help. It has also proven useful to wait another half an hour after the birth, then it will be easier. If they have never drank on their mother, I can keep them all together in the same stall.
In order for the gitzi to grow well, their health in the first months of life is crucial. They also have to get enough milk and not too much at once so that they are interested in the hay and their rumen develops. As concentrated feed, there is one third each of corn cubes, dry pulp cubes and grain mixture. Everyone gets a handful of them every day, so relatively little and not freely available because of the digestive dangers. In the meantime I also vaccinate them against clostridia.
These two were accustomed to drinking from a bowl after birth, so they can be fed with milk even at an advanced age.
Pat Coleby came to the same conclusions in Australia: Regardless of whether the lamb drinks directly from its mother, it pays off later when the fawn learns to drink from the bucket first.
To do this, the newborn is placed in view of the mother behind a wire mesh. Some colostrum is milked into a bowl and this is kept warm in a water bath. The fawn is only ready to drink 15-20 minutes after birth, then you offer it this bowl. To do this, you put the fawn between your shoes and hold the bowl under your chin - do not dip your head into it!
As long as the fawn has not yet sucked on its mother (with its head up), it will willingly drink from the bowl. In this way you make sure that all newborns get their colostrum (and no one has drunk it before) and all the fawns know that you can drink from the bucket. Should the mother fail, these fawns have not forgotten how to get full from buckets.
Roland Bigler: You can get milk for up to 3 months. After the birth, they are with the mother for 4 days, who is milked out once a day. Since he left them with their mother for a few days, the fawns no longer have this deadly metabolic disease, which he calls "Glangger": the fawns sway.
Then they come in small groups and drink goat's milk in a gutter for 3 months. Then why not let the mothers suckle? Because of the breeding, says Roland Bigler (he is a judge) and thinks that the sucking widens the line on the udder and how should he measure the milk yield when the lambs are suckling too?
Pierre Schlunegger: On the first day the fawns stay with their mother, then she is milked and the fawns get the milk in the bottle, later in the kettle with teat and finally in the machine. Powdered milk or cow's milk is gradually added to the goat-me-me.
Pierre Schlunegger’s Gitzi
Pierre Schlunegger: That's a lot of work! If we are careful and lucky, we will not lose more than 5%. Last year we had bloated fawns because of the milk replacer. The cause was probably the palm fat, which seems hardly digestible. Manufacturers say they couldn't make it without palm oil. That is why we will do without it next time and drink cow's milk, which is not more expensive and can also be fed via the machine and kept warm.
Every year 500 kids are personally bottle-fed for the first few days. Pierre Schlunegger wants cheese all year round, so he has 6 groups lambed over the year at intervals of months. He can afford that because he doesn't have to rely on selling all the lambs at Easter.
Hans Ramseier: We separate the newborns from the mother immediately; they are fed the Biestmilch by bottle. From then on they drink from a bowl. To do this, I put a flower box in the feeding table so they stick their heads through the feed fence.
They soon got used to the feeding time and are hungry when the milk comes so that it doesn't get cold. Hot water is added and the barn itself is warm. They get goat milk for the first two weeks, then cow milk.
It's easy to learn to drink from the bowl, provided you haven't let it suckle for more than a day - whether it's the goat or the bottle.
Photo: Hans Ramseier's young animals six months old.
Hans Ramseier: They are already covered. You get 5-grain flakes in the morning and in the evening and still some milk. The milk is now diluted with water, so you absorb more liquid. This gives them a larger volume, i.e. more space for food and can also pack more later. The diluted milk also makes them hungry.
To find out whether the feeding really works, the kids are weighed regularly. You should gain around 200 grams a day - if you don't, the cause must be sought. Can't they get to the food? Are you bullied? Are hair lumps irritating? Are Minerals Missing?
If you put the kids upside down in a bag, they are instantly calm and satisfied. The bag is hung on a pulling scale.
To weigh yourself, you can stand on bathroom scales with the lamb in your arms. Or you pack the lamb in a bag and hang it on the hook of a pulling scale.
Instead of lifting the increasingly weighty lambs, Cristina Perincioli lets them jump on the scales. Every kid is dying to climb higher than the others: When a scale is at the highest point, all you have to do is read the result ...
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