What is Cholixx red

Red Mold Rice For Cholesterol: Safe And Effective?

Scientific sources


[1] Li et al. (2014)
Study type: Systematic review and meta-analysis
Analyzed studies: 13 RCTs
Attendees: 804 people
Question: Is red mold rice effective and safe for treating disorders of lipid metabolism (dyslipidemia)?
Conflicts of Interest: none according to the authors

Li Y, Jiang L, Jia Z, Xin W, Yang S, Yang Q, Wang L. A meta-analysis of red yeast rice: an effective and relatively safe alternative approach for dyslipidemia. PLoS One. 2014 Jun 4; 9 (6): e98611. (Full-length review article)

[2] Ong et al. (2016)
Study type: Systematic review and meta-analysis
Analyzed studies: 10 randomized controlled trials
Attendees: 905 people with lipid metabolism disorder
Question: How does red mold rice affect increased blood fat levels compared to simvastatin?
Conflicts of Interest: none according to the authors

Ong YC, Aziz Z. Systematic review of red yeast rice compared with simvastatin in dyslipidaemia. J Clin Pharm Ther. 2016 Apr; 41 (2): 170-9. (Summary of the review article)

[3] Sungthong et al. (2020)
Study type: Systematic review and meta-analysis
Analyzed studies: 4 randomized controlled studies
Participants: 10,549 people with heart attacks
Examination time: 4 weeks to 4.5 years
Question: Does red mold rice reduce the risk of further cardiovascular disease in people with a heart attack?

Sungthong B, Yoothaekool C, Promphamorn S, Phimarn W. Efficacy of red yeast rice extract on myocardial infarction patients with borderline hypercholesterolemia: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Sci Rep. 2020 Feb 17; 10 (1): 2769. (Full-length review article)

Other scientific sources

[4] DFG Senate Commission for the Health Assessment of Food (2012)
Toxicological Assessment of Red Mold Rice: Update. Retrieved on May 7, 2020 at www.dfg.de

[5] Taylor et al. (2013)
Taylor F, Huffman MD, Macedo AF, Moore THM, Burke M, Davey Smith G, Ward K, Ebrahim S. Statins for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 1. Art. No .: CD004816. (Summary of the review article)

[6] IQWIG (2017)
High cholesterol. Retrieved on 7 May 2020 at www.gesundheitsinformation.de

[7] Klimek et al. (2009)
Klimek M, Wang S, Ogunkanmi A. Safety and efficacy of red yeast rice (Monascus
purpureus) as an alternative therapy for hyperlipidemia. P T. 2009
Jun; 34 (6): 313-27. (Full length work)

[8] National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (2013)
Red Yeast Rice: An Introduction. Retrieved on May 7, 2020.

[9] Swiss Agency for Therapeutic Products (2014)
In focus: Marketing of preparations with Monascus purpureus (red mold rice, red rice yeast) is not permitted in Switzerland. Swiss Medic Journal 2/2014, from page 80. www.swissmedic.ch

[10] UpToDate (2020)
Tangney C, Rosenson R (2020) Lipid lowering with diet or dietary supplements. In Saperia G (ed.) UpToDate. Retrieved on May 7, 2020.

[11] BVL, BfArM (2016)
German Federal Office for Consumer Protection and Food Safety; Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices, opinion of the joint expert commission BVL / BfArM, classification of red mold rice products (02/2016). Retrieved on 7 May 2020 at www.bvl.bund.de

[12] BfArM (2016)
Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices, press release 3/16, BfArM warns again against Red Rice food supplements: Products with a daily dose of 5 mg monacolin K or more are to be classified as drugs, accessed on 7 May 2020 at www.bfarm.de

[13] BfArM (2019)
Minutes of the results of the 19th meeting of the Joint Expert Commission on the classification of substances on February 20, 2019 in Berlin. Retrieved on April 30, 2020 at www.bfarm.de

[14] EFSA (2018)
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). EFSA Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS), Younes, M., Aggett, P., Aguilar, F., Crebelli, R., Dusemund, B., ... & Gundert ‐ Remy, U. (2018 ). Scientific opinion on the safety of monacolins in red yeast rice. EFSA Journal, 16 (8), e05368. (Full length text)

[15] AGES (2020)
Health and Food Safety Agency. Red mold rice products. Retrieved on 7 May 2020 from www.ages.at

[16] UpToDate (2020)
Rosenson R (2020). Statins: Actions, side effects, and administration. In Saperia G (ed.). UpToDate. Retrieved on May 7, 2020.