Where can I get the lane map ready

Conjunctions in English

Coordinate, subordinate and compound conjunctions

Coordinate Conjunctions

The coordinate conjunctions do not modify the position of the verb in the clause. The most common ones are:

but

It means "but".

The pants are beautiful but too small
The pants are pretty but too small

He is smart, but lazy
He’s smart but lazy

The offer is great, but We have no time
The offer is great but we don’t have time

respectively

It means "better put" or "respectively" and is abbreviated often as or

I have a car respectively my wife has one
I have a car or, better put, my wife has one.

The disco is now cheaper for women and men. It costs 7 euros or. 10 Euro.
The disco is cheaper today for women and men. It costs 7 and 10 euros, respectively

because

It means then / because, etc.

I cried, because I had no money
I cried because I didn't have money

Synonymns: because

or

Means "or"

I don't know if I'm laughing or should cry
I don't know whether I should laugh or cry

Who starts you or I?
Who starts, you or me?

rather

Means "but" or "but rather"

The house is not old rather New
The house is not old but new

and

It means "and"

My friends and i want to go to the cinema
My friends and I want to go to the cinema

Subordinate conjunctions

Subordinate conjunctions help to form subordinate clauses. One of the most interesting things about German is that the verb is placed in the last position of the clause in subordinate clauses (Main article: Sentence structure in German)

as

It means "when" if it is a subordinate conjunction. Careful: It's used only in the past and when the past event only took place one time (temporal conjunction)

As I was a child, I lived in Munich
When I was a child, I lived in Munich

"Als" is also used for the construction of the comparative of superiority:

He is stronger than I
He is stronger than me

before

It means "before" (temporal conjunction to show previous action or event)

What are you thinking, before you fall asleep
What do you think about before you fall asleep?

to

It means "until" (temporal conjunction to show subsequent action or event) "Bis" can act as a subordinate conjunction:

Wait, to you are healthy
Wait until you are healthy

or as a preposition:

To to death
until death

that

It can be translated into English as "that" and is used to start a new subordinate clause.

I think, that the German language is complicated
I think that the German language is complicated

that vs that

Sometimes English speakers confuse "das" (relative pronoun) and "dass" (conjunction). The reason for this is because we use "that" for both words.

"das" is used to make relative clauses, which are used to give more information about a noun (Example: the noun "book"):

This is the book I'm reading right now
This is the book that I am reading

that is to make common subordinate clauses where more information is given with a verb (Example: the verb to say)

I told you he was coming today
I told you that he's coming today

in order to

It means "so that" (conjunction of purpose)

I save, in order to my family can buy a Mercedes
I am saving money so that my family can buy a Mercedes

after this

It means "after" (temporal conjunction)

After we got up, we packed
After we got up, we packed our bags

if

It means “whether / if” in the context of indirect questions or to show doubt.

He asked you if you want to go to the cinema
He asked you if you wanted to go to the cinema

Common mistakes: Confusing the use of whether and if

although

It means "although" or "even though" (concessive conjunction)

I like children although I don't have any
I like kids even though I don’t have any

since

It means "since" (temporal conjunction). Since can act as a subordinate conjunction:

I live in cologne, since i am born
I've been living in Cologne since I was born

or as a preposition (since + Dative):

He lives now since 2 years in this house
He’s been living in this house for two years

since

It means "since" (temporal conjunction)

I have no heating since i live in spain
I haven't had heating since I've been living in Spain

as soon as

It means "as soon as" (temporal conjunction)

I inform you, as soon as I can
I'll inform you as soon as I can

provided

It means "as long as" (temporal conjunction)

We try to help provided it is possible
We will try to help as long as it's possible

so much

It means "as much as" or "for all"

So much I know she was born in Berlin
For all I know, she was born in Berlin

so far

It means "as far as"

So far I can remember he was a pilot
As far as I remember, he was a pilot

as

It means "as soon as"

I'll send you the document as it's done
I'll send you the document as soon as it's finished

while

It means "while" or "during" (temporal). While can act as a subordinate conjunction:

While I studied, I also learned German
While I was studying, I was also learning German

or as a preposition (during + genitive):

While in my youth I was in Basel
During my youth I was in Basel

because

It means "because" (causal conjunction)

She doesn't work today because she is sick
She doesn't work today because she’s sick

Definitions: because

if

It means "if" but only in certain cases. For example: "If you want to go with us, you can." Expressing doubt would require "ob". For example: "I don’t know if you’d like to come with us." It also means "whenever" (conditional conjunction)

If if you want, you can learn German
If you want, you can learn German (context of "if" or "in case")

If i sing, i feel a lot better
If I sing, I feel much better (context of "whenever I sing ...")

Common mistakes: Confusing the use of "if" and "if".

how

It means "how" (modal conjunction):

I do not know, how I can say it in German
I don't know how to say it in German

or for expressions of equality:

Peter is as thin as Tomas
Peter is as thin as Tomas

Where

It means "where" (local conjunction)

I do not know, Where he learned German
I don't know where he learned German

Compound conjunctions

Compound conjunctions are formed by 2 words:

instead of

It means "instead of"

I would lie on the beach for 2 weeks instead of work
I would be lying on the beach for 2 weeks instead of working

either ... or

It means "either ... or"

Either are you part of the solution or you are part of the problem
Either you're part of the solution or you're part of the problem

The pants are either black or red
The pants are either black or red

neither ... nor

It means "neither ... nor"

Neither you still i have a solution
Neither you nor I have a solution

as well ... as)

It means "as well as"

I have either already a Mercedes as also had an Audi
I have had a Mercedes as well as an Audi

both ... as (also)

It means "as well as"

I have either a car how also a motorcycle
I have a car as well as a motorcycle



11 comments

# 11 [Eli Hoffman] 2018-05-14 20:53
What about afterwards, because I am listing things that I did yesterday and I don't want to have to keep saying then (denn) I went to the store and the next sentence be after that (after) every single sentence after denn and using because every single sentence after after that.