Where emily's room is dishonored and safe
A private bathroom, sole control of the TV remote control, midnight ravioli from a can - mostly dreams as long as the apartment is shared with parents and siblings. No sooner do you live alone in a mini-apartment than you feel lonely and, thanks to high rents, you are constantly short of cash. The solution is shared apartment.
From the search for the right room in a shared apartment to pitfalls in the rental agreement for the shared apartment to tips on how to live together smoothly.
Found a shared flat or rent a room in a shared apartment?
Whether as a sublease or as a sub-tenant, whoever rents a room in a shared apartment benefits in many ways: Some rooms in shared apartments are already furnished or the person moving out is happy when his new tenant replaces some furniture. At least everything, from the wooden spoon to the washing machine, is usually already there and does not have to be bought with your own money. With the move into the shared flat, the first social contacts are made quickly, and roommates often become good friends.
In addition to the social aspect, living in a shared apartment is also much cheaper than living alone: In the university town of Erlangen, for example, in 2015 you pay around 13 euros per square meter for small apartments with 40 square meters, whereas for flat-sharing apartments with 80 to 120 square meters, only 8, 80 euro. This corresponds to a rent saving of 32 percent. And Erlangen is not an isolated case; you can save by living in a shared apartment from Tübingen to Hamburg, from Cologne to Berlin.
To share the rent - and to be able to afford an extra apartment in return - is crucial for many people to found a flat share themselves. Then it is important to find a suitable flat share and suitable roommates. Both can be done quickly and conveniently on immowelt.de: The desired apartment can be found with a search advertisement and search request, and the ideal flatmate is sure to be found by offering a room in a shared apartment free of charge.
Tips for finding a flat share
1. If you are looking for a room in a shared apartment, you should first and foremost be clear about how you imagine living together with others. Many people in professional life feel at home in a lively student flat-share, where one or the other night is part of drinking together. On the other hand, students who are looking for peace and quiet can also be happy in a working flat share with regular daily routines. However, if you are looking for a connection and move into a purely purpose-built flat share, you will soon be packing your moving boxes again.
Tip: What suits me: student flat share or working flat share, second family or community of convenience?
2. Shortly before the start of the semester, there will be a lot of competition when looking for accommodation in university towns. During the lecture period or at the beginning of the semester break, the rush is not that high - and the search may be more successful.
Tip: If you move to a university location and are not in a hurry, take the lecture times into account when searching.
3. Searching for an apartment on the Internet has the advantage that the offers can be filtered. This also applies to the search for a suitable room in a shared apartment.
The most important filter is usually the price, and the location of the future shared apartment is often just as important. A quiet working flat in the absolute bar district could be a problem even for the quietest roommates.
The furnishing of the apartment can also be sorted out in advance: Room size? Furnished or empty? Bathroom with tub? Cable connection? Balcony or garden? Flat-sharing community seekers should be clear about all these wishes and ideas in advance.
Tip: filter apartment offers according to location, price and features.
4. The price for a room in a shared apartment consists of the basic rent for the room itself plus a share for the communal areas such as the kitchen, bathroom and living room. In addition, there are proportionally the usual ancillary costs for heating, electricity, water and usually a share in the costs for Internet and television. Some shared apartments also have a cleaning lady. You shouldn't forget a deposit that is normally due to the main or landlord, as well as any commission that may become due.
The price statistics from immowelt.de provide a guideline for how high the average apartment rent is based on the number of square meters in German cities.
Tip: calculate the costs for the flat share correctly.
5. Most of the other flatmates already indicate their individual preferences and wishes in the advertisement. Searchers should pay attention to signal words such as smokers, pets or musicians, but also read between the lines. The number of roommates can also be decisive: two bathrooms with 3 roommates are great, one bathroom with seven roommates can cause problems.
Tip: Pay attention to similar interests and attitudes towards life.
Off to the WG casting: the tour
You can't choose a family, but flatmates can. So if your sister always blocked the bathroom and you got annoyed every morning, you won't be any different in the shared apartment. If the big brother never puts his dishes in the dishwasher, it will also bother you in the shared apartment.
When applying in the shared flat - because nothing else is a viewing - some personal preferences, interests and attitudes towards life should be better clarified. In addition to cleaning habits or your own understanding of cleanliness, this also includes whether a fee is due for furniture that you have purchased together.
When visiting the flat share, things that would benefit the future flat share are of course worth mentioning: washing machine or dryer, microwave and fully automatic coffee machine - everything that a flat share might want but rarely afford.
Your own parents, on the other hand, should not be brought to the casting for a shared flat. After all, the shared flat is looking for an independent roommate who knows how to wash dishes and operate the vacuum cleaner.
As with any apartment viewing, you should of course also appear in the flat on time or cancel the agreed appointment if necessary.
The viewing appointment has been agreed, the name of the person you are talking to is noted - unfortunately, he is not now on the doorbell. When contacting us, don't forget to ask who to ring.
WG rental agreements: What to watch out for with the different types
As different as the roommates are, as different are the rental contracts that can be concluded for shared apartments.
One main tenant, several sub-tenants:
With this type of contract, a roommate as the main tenant concludes the rental agreement with the landlord and subleases each of the other roommates. The main tenant is the main contact person and is solely responsible to the landlord. So he is liable for rent arrears, but is usually allowed to choose his roommates himself. Unless otherwise stipulated in the rental agreement, the landlord has a say. If the main tenant terminates his lease, he must terminate both the landlord and his sub-tenants - who then rely on the goodwill of the landlord if they want to stay in the shared apartment.
As a subtenant:
If you move into a shared apartment as a sub-tenant, you conclude the rental agreement with a main tenant, to whom you are then obliged. If the main tenant quits, the subtenant is dependent on the landlord's weal and woe. But you can cancel yourself quite easily.
Every tenant is the main tenant:
If all flat share residents are entered in the rental agreement and all have the same rights and obligations, each individual is considered the main tenant. If a roommate does not pay his rent, all others are liable. In the event of a change of resident, the landlord has a say, unless otherwise stipulated in the contract. Notice of termination must be sent to both the landlord and the other main tenants.
If each tenant concludes his own rental agreement directly with the landlord, one speaks of individual rental agreements. As a result, everyone is only responsible for compliance with their contract. If a room in a shared apartment is empty, the tenant does not have to bear any additional costs. For this you usually have to forego a say in the selection of roommates.
Special case: underage move into a shared apartment
Whether you are a freshman after G8 or an apprentice, some of them are not yet of legal age when looking for the right flat share. In principle, moving into a shared apartment is possible with the consent of the parents. However, the parents must sign the rental agreement. You are then liable in the event of arrears in rent or damage to the apartment.
Parents not only pay the rent, they usually also cover the cost of living. But even if the income is so low: All roommates should share financially equally in common goods such as toilet paper, cleaning supplies or sometimes also flour, sugar and salt. Flat share chicks are seldom exempt from such rules.
Living together: From cleaning plan to GEZ
The meeting of different characters harbors potential for friction. It starts with supposedly little things like dirty dishes in the sink or dust bunnies under the sofa.
In order to avoid escalations from the outset, a Cleaning schedule help. There are different variants:
- Roommates with a similar understanding of cleanliness can have one Checklist to lead. This can be subdivided according to rooms or activities. A combination of these is also possible.
- The shared apartment can also clean as common activity plan and do a major cleaning together on a fixed day. Who does what is discussed directly. Finding a date where everyone can, however, is usually difficult, and persistent slackers quickly become a problem.
- Many shared apartments have the things that need to be done tasks fixed and rotate them weekly. Everyone has to take away the rubbish, vacuum or clean the bathroom. However, everyone is free to decide when to complete their task. This variant also works without the tasks rotating.
Roommates should also have their idea of what privacy and their understanding of property speak. Anyone who clarifies a few points here in advance will not allow conflicts to arise in the first place.
The flat share should also clarify who Broadcasting fee (GEZ) transfers. This is now collected per household and no longer per capita. For shared apartments, this means that only one resident has to be registered. All others go through his participant number and contribute to the costs. If students, trainees or pupils receive funding such as Bafög, they are exempt from the broadcasting fee under certain circumstances. However, this exemption for an individual does not apply to the entire community.
Last but not least: Don't forget to register or re-register
Anyone who moves to a new city or moves within a municipality is obliged to notify the residents' registration office of their new address.
In some cities and municipalities, a second home or second home tax is due as soon as the first residence is registered in another city. In most cases, this second home tax is around ten percent of the annual basic rent. If you change your main residence, you don't have to pay.
Flat share rental agreement: three alternatives
There are no special tenancy regulations for shared apartments. Those who conclude a flat share rental agreement have the following three alternatives to choose from.
more about the flat share lease
First own apartement
There are a few things to consider when buying your own apartment. Step-by-step instructions in your own four walls.
to the checklist
Tips for tenants
Stress with the landlord or general questions about rights and obligations of the tenant?
Tips for tenants
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