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Title:Virtual Reality in factory planning: Analysis of the current factory planning process as well as development and integration of a process for VR visualization of planning resultsOther Titles:Virtual Reality and Factory Planning - Analysis of the current factory planning process and development and integration of a process to visualize planned layouts in VRLanguage:GermanAuthors:Lumetzberger, SebastianQualification level:DiplomaAdvisor:Sihn, WilfriedIssue Date:2019Number of Pages:183Qualification level:DiplomaAbstract:
The factory planning process is an extremely complex and highly interdisciplinary process in which, in addition to the project core team, many other stakeholders are involved. This process can be divided into individual phases, which, however, are not always uniformly defined and in which the most diverse methods and tools are used. Thanks to technological progress, virtual reality has now reached such a high level of technological maturity that it can make sense to use it as an additional tool in the factory planning process. However, it is unclear in which phases VR can be used as useful support, how VR visualizations can be created based on the factory planning software used and what effects this can be expected to have on the factory planning process. In this thesis, therefore, the factory planning process is analyzed in detail at the beginning and a uniform phase model is defined. In addition, the technological basics of virtual reality are discussed, necessary software for VR is presented and the state-of-the-art in factory planning and similar areas of application is researched. Since there are no defined process models for the creation of VR experiences from factory planning applications, requirements that such a process model should meet are defined as a development basis in a workshop. Based on these requirements and the presented VR software, three process models for VR visualization of planning results from Vistable, Plant Simulation and Autodesk Factory Design Utilities are developed and evaluated with regard to the degree of fulfillment of these requirements. The two best-rated process models are subjected to a practical test in four use cases and presented to the factory and warehouse planners by Fraunhofer Austria Research GmbH. With the help of questionnaires and expert interviews, the potential to be expected through the use of VR in the factory planning process, possible deployment phases in the defined factory planning process and preferred deployment scenarios are determined at the end of this work. In addition, suggestions for improvement for VR in general and the developed procedural models as well as challenges to be overcome when using VR are queried and documented. The result of this work is that two of the developed procedural models can be used in practice and the use of VR in factory planning can be quite useful. How much VR will change this planning process, however, depends heavily on future developments in the hardware and software area of ‚Äč‚Äčthis technology and must be tested in real factory planning projects.

The factory planning process is an extremely complex and highly interdisciplinary procedure, involving many other stakeholders in addition to the project core team. This process can be divided into single phases, which are often not defined uniformly and in which a wide variety of methods and tools are used. Due to the technological progress, Virtual Reality has reached a high technological maturity degree, so the use of it as an additional tool can certainly make sense. However, it is not clear, in which phases VR can be used meaningful as an additional tool. Furthermore, it is not clear, how VR visualizations can be created based on the factory planning software and what effects can be expected on the factory planning process. At the beginning of this thesis, the factory planning process is analyzed in detail and a phase model is defined. Additionally, the basics of Virtual Reality are discussed from a technological view, software for Virtual Reality is presented and the state-of-the-art of VR in the factory planning process and related fields of application is investigated. Due to the fact, that there are no standardized procedure models for the generation of VR experiences from factory planning applications, the requirements, which should be fulfilled from such a procedural model, are defined in a workshop as a development basis. Based on the software for VR and the requirements, three process models for VR visualization out of Autodesk Factory Design Utilities, Vistable Touch and Plant Simulation are developed. These process models are evaluated with regard to the degree of fulfillment of these requirements. The two best rated procedural models are tested in practice in four use cases and are presented to the factory and warehouse planners at Fraunhofer Austria Research GmbH. At the end of this thesis, questionnaires and expert interviews are used to determine expected potentials due to the use of VR in the factory planning process, possible operational phases in the defined factory planning phase model as well as preferred application scenarios. Additionally, suggestions for improvements for VR in general and the developed procedural models as well as challenges to overcome before using VR are queried and documented. The result of this work is that two of the developed process models are applicable in practice, and that the use of VR can be helpful in the factory planning process. However, it is not clear, how much VR will change the planning process. This depends on future developments in the hardware and software sectors of this technology and VR has to be tested in real factory planning projects.
Keywords:Factory planning; Layout planning; Virtual reality; digital factory
Factory planning; Layout planning; Virtual reality; Digital factory
URI:https://resolver.obvsg.at/urn:nbn:at:at-ubtuw:1-127942
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12708/8619Library ID:AC15447078Organization:E330 - Institute for Management SciencePublication Type:Thesis
University thesisAppears in Collections:Thesis