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Start of the season Sowing seeds: tools and practical tips from Jürgen Meister

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Anyone who sows seeds needs a suitable sowing container. A wide variety of containers can be used, says master gardener Jürgen Meister. Flower pots and seed boxes are just as suitable as empty margarine boxes. The expert adds that it is only essential to ensure that there is a water drain. Small sowing pots can also be built yourself from newspaper. The advantage - the plant later comes into the bed with the paper bag and can continue to grow there. The paper dissolves. A suitable sowing substrate is also very important. Most of the seeds that are pricked out again later, i.e. separated, first need nutrient-poor soil. In order for the seed to germinate, all it needs is warmth and moisture. He only needs nutrients in the growth phase, after transplanting.

The root should go in search of food in the nutrient-poor earth, for that it has to grow. If there are already a lot of nutrients in the soil, the roots do not have to make any effort and will not grow.

Jürgen Meister

There is an exception for different types of vegetables that grow in a pot for a long time and are not repositioned before they come into the bed. Cucumber seeds, for example, need to be placed in a pot substrate that already contains more nutrients. The cucumber grows into a young plant about 30 centimeters tall in the pot for about six weeks. When sowing cucumbers, Jürgen Meister therefore makes sure that the pot is only half filled with soil. If the cotyledons are so large that they reach the edge of the pot, the expert refills nutrient-rich soil. Similar to cucumber seeds, you proceed with zucchini, melon, pumpkin and tomato seeds.

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Line a small clear plastic box with cellulose or cotton wool and add a little water to the bowl. Then ten seeds, for example from cucumber, are placed in it. The bowl should be in a bright, warm place at around 20 degrees. The first seeds should germinate after three to five days. So if the first cotyledons appear on five seeds, your seeds have a 50 percent chance of germination.

* on the shelf life of the seeds
* whether the seeds are still capable of germination
* on the variety selection; there are seeds for different seasons
* Seed diversity: There are many different varieties of seeds. From pills for fine seeds to seed ribbons and plates for vegetables and flowers.
* In the case of the seed bands, the individual seeds are framed in a water- and substrate-permeable fabric at the correct distance. You no longer need to separate the delicate plants later.

How does the cultivation work?

What is sown is pressed down so that the seed adheres to the ground and does not hang "in the air". Two seeds should always be put in small pots. This ensures that at least one seed sprouts. The weaker one will be removed later. Broken seeds should always be sorted out. Earth is then sieved out over the seeds of the dark germs. The soil layer should be about twice as thick as the seed is thick. The most important thing is to always keep the seed moist. Light germs need it to be bright and must not disappear into the ground.