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"InfoPath cannot save the following form" error message when you try to publish an InfoPath form on a SharePoint Server 2013 server

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Symptoms

Assume that you are running Microsoft InfoPath on a server running Windows Server 2008 R2 and that the desktop experience feature is not enabled on the server. In this case, you cannot use InfoPath to publish an InfoPath form on a Microsoft SharePoint Server 2013 server. Also, when trying to publish and save the form, I get the following error message:

InfoPath cannot save the following form: Form Name. This document library was either renamed or deleted, or network problems are preventing the file from being saved. Contact your network administrator.

root cause

This problem occurs because the desktop experience feature is not activated on the Windows Server 2008 R2 server. As a result, no connections can be made from the Windows Server 2008 R2 server to the SharePoint server.

Workaround

To work around this problem, install the desktop experience feature and restart the Windows Server 2008 R2 server. Then start the design service from the Windows Services console.